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Serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine is a monoamine neurotransmitter that plays a role in mood, eating, sleeping, arousal and potentially visual orientation processing. As a consequence, if those neurons are subsequently 'shown' another stimulus that differs slightly in its orientation, those neurons are no longer able to achieve the same level of response as compared to other non-adapted neurons.
Rosewater Fountains For The Seratonin Starved - Vas Deferens Organization - Drug Bubbles results of these studies have found evidence to support the role that serotonin plays in visual orientation.
This furthers the understanding of both the role that serotonin has on the visual system and to what degree MDMA neurotoxicity affects the brain. Ecstasy is the street name that refers to the popular recreational drug that contains 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine MDMA.
MDMA is part of the amphetamine family and elicits its positive effects by altering brain serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine neurotransmitter levels.
These have included memory impairment, anxiety, paranoia, mood swings and depression. Recent research investigating MDMA has revealed the neurotoxic effect of the drug on brain serotonin Rosewater Fountains For The Seratonin Starved - Vas Deferens Organization - Drug Bubbles . The relationship between the effect of MDMA and serotonin's role in visual orientation processing has been investigated following a prior study conducted in the s by Maisini, Antonietti and Moja The participants of the study were divided into three groups: Ecstasy users who were amphetamine abstinent, Ecstasy users who also used amphetamines, and drug naive control participants.
The Blackmores Night - Osaka 1997 of the study indicated that the amphetamine abstinent Ecstasy group showed a broader tuning bandwidth than the controls. This disruption causes the neurons to activate to a wider range of orientations other than their preferred orientation. The authors do, however, go on to say that although deficits in certain tasks are present, the extent of Angel - Mahri Autumn - Ri-Solv deficits requires further investigation.
Their research also stemmed from Masini et al. It could be that the decrease in sensitivity of the post-adaptation orientation neurons is further diminished by decreased serotonergic functioning, which increases the magnitude of the TAE. Their research lends support to How Could I Forget You - Stray - All In Your Mind idea that MDMA use affects lateral inhibition and that serotonin plays a role in visual orientation processing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is an orphanas no other articles link to it. Please introduce links to this page from related articles ; try the Find link tool for suggestions. June Physiology of Behaviour Eleventh ed. England: Pearson Education Limited. Human Psychopharmacology. Neurotoxicity Research. Sebastian Journal of Neurophysiology. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal of the Optical Society of America A. Health Technology Assessment.
Journal of Social Work in the Addictions. Journal of Neuroscience. Journal of Psychopharmacology. Perceptual and Motor Skills. Categories : Serotonin American medical research.