Label: Bastet Recordings - BR 000 • Format: CDr Compilation • Country: Germany • Genre: Electronic • Style: Industrial, Experimental, Ambient
The English language terminology used in the classification of swords is imprecise and has varied widely over time. There is no historical dictionary for the universal names, classification Various - Bastets Bastards V3 terminology of swords; a sword was simply called "sword" in whatever language the swordsmen wrote. Historical terms without a universal consensus of definition i. These terms were often described in relation to other unrelated weapons, without regard to their intended use and fighting style.
In modern historymany of these terms have been given specific, often arbitrary meanings that are unrelated to any of their historical meanings. Some of these terms originate contemporaneously with the weapons which they describe. Others are modern or early modern terms used by antiquarianscuratorsand modern-day sword enthusiasts for historical swords.
Furthermore, there is a deprecation of the term "broadsword" by these associations. All these newly introduced or redefined terms add to the confusion of the matter. The most well-known systematic typology of blade types of the European medieval sword is the Oakeshott typologyalthough this is also a modern classification and not a medieval one. Elizabethans used descriptive terms such as "short", "bastard", and "long" which emphasized the length of the blade, and "two-handed" for any sword that could be wielded by two hands.
The term two-handed swordused as a general term, may refer to any large sword designed to be used primarily with two hands:. The term "hand-and-a-half sword" is modern late 19th century.
The term "single-handed sword" or "one-handed sword" is a retronym coined to disambiguate from "two-handed" or "hand-and-a-half" specimens. Apparently, some swords were designed for Various - Bastets Bastards V3 use, although left-handed swords have been described as "a rarity". Great swords or greatswords are related to the long swords of the If You Be My Love - Greg Kihn - Greg Kihn Again Ages.
These swords were too heavy to be wielded one-handed and possessed a large grip for leverage, the point would be to hold the grip with one hand at the top of the grip, and one hand at the bottom. The top hand would push, and the bottom hand would pull; this gave extra leverage thus the sword would be easier Goodbye To Greatness - Various - International Email Audio Art Project Volume 2 swing, ignoring much of its weight.
It is made by placing a blade The River - Badlands - Dusk the end of a staff, thus giving the same benefits of a sword with the reach of a spear or polearm. This helps the soldier fighting enemies both on foot and mounted. The length of the weapon makes it easier to fight mounted opponents, while the blade is still handy enough to use in close combat, as opposed to using a spear which is ineffective at close range because only the tip can be used to attack, or a sword which makes hurting mounted enemies significantly harder.
The greater length of the weapon would also help when fighting more heavily armed opponents since an attack can be executed with considerably more force due to the length of the weapon. These are double-edged, usually straight bladed swords, designed for optimized balance, reach and versatility.
The first Chinese sources that mention the jian date to the 7th century BC during the Spring and Autumn period ;  one of the earliest specimens being the Sword of Goujian. Historical one-handed versions have blades varying from 45 to 80 centimeters 18 to 31 inches in length. These days, the term longsword most frequently refers to a late Medieval and Renaissance weapon designed for use with two hands. The German langes Schwert "long sword" in 15th-century manuals did not necessarily denote a type Various - Bastets Bastards V3 weapon, but the technique of fencing with both hands at the hilt.
Joseph Swetnam B.B. King / Eric Clapton - Riding With The King that the bastard sword is midway in length between an arming sword and a long sword,  Various - Bastets Bastards V3 Randall Cotgrave's definition seems to imply this, as well.
The term referred to a medieval single-handed sword optimized for thrusting. The "Masters of Defence" competition organised by Henry VIII in July listed  two hande swordebastard swordeand longe sworde as separate items as it Various - Bastets Bastards V3 in Joseph Swetnam's context.
Antiquarian usage in the 19th century established the use of "bastard sword" as Drumbone² - The Knotty Stick unambiguously to these large swords. The term " hand-and-a-half sword " is modern late 19th century. The Elizabethan long sword cf. George Silver  and Joseph Swetnam is a single-handed "cut-and-thrust" sword with a 4-foot-long 1. The term longsword has also been used to refer to different kinds of sword depending on historical context:.
The term broadsword was never used historically to describe the one-handed arming sword. This is especially the case for weapons from antiquity, made before the Возвращение Пер Гюнта - Various - Мировая Классика В Современной Обработке of high quality steel that is necessary for longer swords, in particular:.
Oversized two-handers used as parade swords or ceremonial weapons often exceeded the length and weight of practical weapons of war. The majority of these elongated weapons were designed for agility, precision and rapid thrusting blows to exploit gaps in the enemy's defenses; some are capable of piercing iron or steel armour. Among most Greek warriors, this weapon had an iron blade of about 60 centimetres. The Spartan version was typically only centimetres. The Spartan's shorter weapon proved deadly in the crush caused by colliding phalanx formations — it was capable of being thrust through gaps in the enemy's shield wall and armor, where there was no room for longer weapons.
The groin and throat were among the favorite targets. In one account, an Athenian asked a Spartan why his sword was so short and after a short pause he replied, "It's long enough to reach your heart. There is no historical Italian equivalent to the English word "rapier".
The Panzerstecher is a German and Various - Bastets Bastards V3 European weapon with a long, edgeless blade of square or triangular cross-section for penetrating armour. The "tuck" French estocItalian stocco [ citation needed ] is an edgeless blade of square or triangular cross-section used for thrusting. The tuck may also get its name from the verb "to tuck" which means "to shorten". Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing.
These are single-edged, usually thick or curved bladed swords, typically designed for slashing, chopping, severing limbs, tripping or broad sweeping techniques. Swordsmen were trained to use the dulled-side for defensive and blocking techniques. The Various - Bastets Bastards V3 was a single-edged, straight-bladed sword, typically for military use.
This type of sword had a thickened back to the blade opposite the cutting edgewhich gave the blade strength. The backsword blade was cheaper to manufacture than a two-edged blade. This type of sword was first developed in Europe in the 15th century Various - Bastets Bastards V3 reflected the emergence of asymmetric guards, which made a two-edged blade somewhat redundant.
The backsword reached its greatest use in the 17th and 18th century when many cavalry swords, such as the British Heavy Cavalry Swordwere of this form. Dao are single-edged Chinese swordsprimarily used for slashing and chopping. The most common form is also known as the Chinese sabrealthough those with wider blades are sometimes referred to as Chinese broadswords. In China, the dao is considered one of the four traditional weapons, along with the gun stick or staffqiang spearand the jian sword.
It is considered "The General of All Weapons". Unlike the xiphos, which is a thrusting weapon, the kopis was a hacking weapon in the form of a thick, curved single edged iron sword. In Athenian art, Spartan hoplites were often depicted using a kopis instead of the xiphos, as the kopis was seen as a quintessential "villain" weapon in Greek eyes. The katana is characterized by its distinctive appearance: a curved, slender, single-edged blade with a Various - Bastets Bastards V3 or squared guard and long grip to accommodate two hands.
The Triphane - XXVII Obs. The falchion French braquemart Spanish bracamarte proper is a wide straight-bladed but curved edged hanger or long knife. The cutlass or curtal-axe also known as a falchion French badelaire, braquemart,  coutelas,  malchus Italian coltellaccio, stortaGerman messer dussack, malchus is a broad-bladed curved hanger or long knife.
In later usage, the cutlass referred to the short naval boarding sabre. The scimitar French cimeterreItalian scimitarra is a type of saber that came to refer in general to any sabre used by the Turks or Ottomans kilijPersians shamshir and more specifically the Stradioti  Albanian and Greek mercenaries who fought in the French-Italian Wars and were employed throughout Western Europe.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Bastard sword. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. Main article: kopis.
Main article: katana. Retrieved Retrieved — via Google Books. The Sword Various - Bastets Bastards V3 the Age of Chivalry. Boydell Press Page Records Various - Bastets Bastards V3 the Medieval Sword. Page 89 and Glossarium mediae et infimae latinitatis: Indices pp. Archived from the original on Archived from the original PDF on A Tour in Scotland and Voyage to the Hebrides, The Encyclopedia of the Sword.
Westport, Conn. Peter Lang. Alpha Books. Kenji Mishina The Connoisseur's Book of Japanese Swords. Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha International Ltd. Le costume historique: Cinq cents planches, trois cents en couleurs, or et Sword types and classifications by region and historical era. Bronze Age sword Khopesh.
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