Label: Bluebird - 6274-2-RB • Series: Bluebird Treasury Series • Format: CD Compilation, Remastered • Country: US • Genre: Jazz • Style: Swing
Also an author, Shaw wrote both fiction and non-fiction. Widely regarded as "one of jazz's finest clarinetists",  Shaw led one of the United States' most popular big bands in the late s through the early s. Though he had numerous hit records, he was perhaps best known for his recording of Cole Porter 's " Begin the Beguine ". Before the release of "Beguine", Shaw and his fledgling band had languished in relative obscurity for over two years and, after its release, he became a major pop Moon Ray - Artie Shaw and His Orchestra - Begin The Beguine within short order.
The record eventually became one of the era's defining recordings. Musically restless, Shaw was also an early proponent of what became known much later as Third Stream music, which blended elements of classical and jazz forms and traditions.
His music influenced other musicians, such as Monty Norman in England, with the vamp of the James Bond Themepossibly influenced by 's "Nightmare". Shaw also recorded with small jazz groups drawn from within the ranks of the various big bands he led. He served in the US Navy from toduring which time he led a morale-building band Are You Awake?
- Various - Lost In Translation (Music From The Motion Picture Soundtrack) toured the South Pacific amidst the chaos of World War II and, following his discharge inhe returned to lead a band through Following the breakup of that band, he began to focus on other Fresh Breeze (Club Mix) - Various - Tunnel Trance Force Vol.
61 and gradually withdrew from the world of being a professional musician and major celebrity, although he remained a force in popular music and jazz before retiring from music completely in The family was Jewish; his father was from Russia, his mother from Austria. Shaw bought a saxophone by working in a grocery store and began learning the saxophone at At 16, he switched to the clarinet and left home to tour with a band.
Returning to New York, he became a session musician through the early s. From —36, Shaw performed with many bands and orchestras; from tohe worked in Cleveland and established a lasting reputation as music director and arranger for an orchestra led by the violinist Austin Wylie. In andhe played with Irving Aaronson 's Commanders, where he was exposed to symphonic music, which he would later incorporate in his arrangements.
Inhe first gained attention with his "Interlude in B-flat" at a swing concert at the Imperial Theater in New York. The show was well received, but forced to dissolve in because his band's sound was not commercial. He was an innovator in the big band idiom, using unusual instrumentation; "Interlude in B-flat", where he was backed with only a rhythm section and a string quartetwas one of the earliest examples of what would be later dubbed Third Stream.
In addition to hiring Buddy Richhe signed Billie Holiday as his band's vocalist inbecoming the first white band leader to hire a full-time black female singer to tour the segregated Southern U. Like his main rival,  Benny Goodman, and other leaders of big bands, Shaw fashioned a smaller "band within the band" in Trumpeter Roy Eldridge became part of the group, succeeding Billy Butterfield. Inthe original Gramercy Five pressed eight records, then Shaw dissolved the band in early Throughout his career, Shaw had a Moon Ray - Artie Shaw and His Orchestra - Begin The Beguine of forming bands, developing them according to his immediate Boson - Various - 10, making a quick series of records, and then disbanding.
He generally did not stick around long enough to reap his bands' successes through live performances of their recorded hits. Following the breakup of what was already his second band inhe rarely toured at all and, if he did, his personal appearances were usually limited to long-term engagements in a single venue or bookings that did not require much traveling, unlike many bands of the era that traveled great distances doing seemingly endless strings of one-night engagements.
Apart from his interest in music, Shaw had a tremendous intellect and almost insatiable thirst for intellectual knowledge and literature.
During his self-imposed "sabbaticals" from the music business, his interests included studying advanced mathematics, as cited in Karl Sabbagh 's The Riemann Hypothesis. He used the morose "Nightmare", with its Hasidic nuances, as his theme rather than choosing a more accessible song. In a televised interview in the s, Shaw derided the "asinine" I Sing The Body Cybernetic - Various - 1999: Forward Til Death of Tin Pan Alley that were the lifeblood of popular music and which bands, especially the most popular such as his own were compelled to play night after night.
Shaw did many big band remote broadcasts. He was the headliner of a radio series with comedian Robert Benchley as emcee. At the Cafe Rouge he quit his band that week and went to Mexico. The band continued without him into January but eventually broke up. After Shaw returned from Mexico inand still under contract to RCA Victor, he experimented with a group of session musicians in Hollywood, trying to combine strings and woodwinds with a jazz band.
The result was the hit "Frenesi". He was hired as bandleader for the Burns and Allen Show broadcast from Hollywood. He organized a band that was modeled after his swing band concept of the late s with the addition of six violins, two violas, and one cello. The addition of a string section to a popular big band was not novel, as it had been done by Paul Whiteman and others since the s.
Shaw updated the idea with the music trends of the s. Strings gave him a wider tonal palette and allowed him to concentrate on ballads rather than the fast dance songs of the swing era. Shaw was at or near the top of the list of virtuoso jazz bandleaders.
The band was showcased on the Burns and Allen program every week. Shaw's contract was renewed for another 13 weeks when the program was moved to New York. Shaw broke up the Hollywood band, keeping a nucleus of seven musicians in addition to himself, and filled out the ensemble with New York musicians until March While taking a few months vacation in the spring of to reassess what to do next, Shaw recorded in another small group format with three horns and a four-man rhythm section with the addition of a dozen strings and.
By September, he formed a big band with seven brass, five saxes, four rhythm, and fifteen strings. Remote broadcasts noted the band performing in good form and Shaw dazzling the crowd with his clarinet. On December 7, three months into the tour, the piece band was in the midst of a matinee performance in Providence, Rhode Island, when he was given a note about the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor.
The note instructed him to tell military personnel to return to their bases. As the audience left, he knew the band was coming to an end. After 18 months The Catalyst - Linkin Park - A Thousand Suns for Navy personnel, sometimes as many as four concerts a day in battle zones, including GuadalcanalShaw returned to the U.
Shaw credited his time in the Navy from to as a period of renewed introspection. His autobiography, The Trouble With Cinderella: An Outline of Identitywas published in with later reprint editions in and Revealing downbeat elements of the music business, Shaw explained that "the trouble with Cinderella" is "nobody ever Hounds - Puttin On The Dog happily ever after.
I flipped over it! He worked for years on his page autobiographical novel, The Education of Albie Snowbut the three-volume work remained unpublished. After his discharge inhe formed another band, this time what could be considered a modern big band in that it contained what is now considered the standard eight brass and five saxes. It did not include any strings and was based in Hollywood, California, where Shaw was living.
He continued to record for RCA Victor, as he had before the war, and limited the band's personal appearances to military bases in California. He made a few records for Musicraft before the band broke up, and all of the recordings for Musicraft from were staffed by top-notch session musicians. The big band was back in the studio, this time including strings.
On some of the sides, Torme was also featured with his vocal group the Meltones. In JulyShaw undertook a brief but historic Australian tour for promoter Lee Gordon on which he shared the bill with drummer Buddy Rich and vocalist Ella Fitzgerald. After completing that tour Shaw stopped playing the clarinet, citing his own perfectionism, which, he later said, would have killed him. He explained to a reporter, "In the world we live in, compulsive perfectionists finish last.
You have to be Lawrence Welk or, on another level, Irving Berlinand write the same kind of music over and over again. I'm not able to do that, and I have Moon Ray - Artie Shaw and His Orchestra - Begin The Beguine the clarinet as far as anyone can possibly go. To continue playing would be a disservice. Inafter years of prodding by Williard Alexander, the year-old Shaw organized a band and selected clarinetist Dick Johnson as bandleader and soloist.
The year-old Johnson, an accomplished woodwind and saxophonist and native of Brockton, Massachusetts, was no stranger to jazz having recorded numerous albums of his own and had idolized Shaw's playing throughout his life.
Shaw's music Its Not Supposed To Be That Way - Willie Nelson - Night Life, which was the product of his almost 20 years of activity in the music business, contained numerous arrangements of monumental status of popular music in addition to many original big band jazz compositions of the era. Shaw rehearsed his new band, based out of Boston, Massachusettsand the band made its official debut on New Year's Eve at the Glen Island Casino in New RochelleNew York, the same launching pad for many bands of the swing era decades earlier, when Shaw and his bands were in their prime.
Shaw appeared with the band throughout its first few years, limiting his role to being its conductor Sevilla, De La Suite Española No.3 De Albéniz - Andrés Segovia - Andrés Segovia front man, while leaving the clarinet playing duties to Johnson.
Inanother week-long series of strenuous rehearsals followed during which Shaw added Festoons - The Pyramids - The Pyramids repertoire, including many arrangements and compositions that were from the later years of his career Shaw had never recorded.
By though, Shaw was no longer touring with the band, quietly content that Johnson and the band kept true to Shaw's band spirit and vision. He would, however, show up on occasion "just to hear how things sounded".
Shaw made several musical shorts in for Vitaphone and Paramount Moon Ray - Artie Shaw and His Orchestra - Begin The Beguine . He portrayed himself in the Fred Astaire film, Second Choruswhich featured Shaw and his orchestra playing Concerto for Clarinetand his —41 Hollywood period Star Dust band can be heard throughout the soundtrack.
Inhe was a mystery Sexy (Interlude) - TLC - CrazySexyCool on What's My Line? Many of his recordings have been used in motion pictures. His recording of " Stardust " was used in its entirety in the closing credits of the film The Man Who Fell to Earth.
The documentary ends with Shaw rehearsing his new band with co-leader Johnson present and rolls to credits perhaps quite fittingly with the band taking a final segue to Shaw's theme song Nightmare. The documentary includes interviews with surviving members of his original bands, Johnson, and other music industry professionals.
A self-proclaimed "very difficult man",  Shaw was married eight times. Two marriages were annulled; the others ended in divorce: Jane Cairns —33; annulled ; Margaret Allen —37 ; actress Lana Turner ; Betty Kern, the daughter of songwriter Jerome Kern —43 ; actress Ava Gardner —46 ; Forever Amber author Kathleen Winsor —48; annulled ; actress Doris Dowling —56and actress Evelyn Keyes — His controlling nature and incessant verbal abuse drove Turner to have a nervous breakdown, soon after which she divorced him.
Olivia de Havilland and Ronald Reaganpart of a core group of actors and artists who were trying to sway the organization away from Communismpresented an anti-Communist declaration which, if signed, was set to run in newspapers.
There was Moon Ray - Artie Shaw and His Orchestra - Begin The Beguine as many rose to champion the communist cause, and Shaw began praising the democratic standards of the Soviet constitution. Moon Ray - Artie Shaw and His Orchestra - Begin The Beguine committee was investigating a peace activist organization, the World Peace Councilwhich it considered a Communist front. Shaw was also a precision marksman, ranking fourth in the United States in and an expert fly fisherman.
He died on December 30,aged According to his publicist, he had been "in ill health for some time, but I don't know the specific cause of death. InShaw donated his papers, most of which amounted to his music library of over scores and parts and approximately 1, pieces of sheet music, to Boston University. Inthe collection was transferred to the School of Music of the University of Arizona in Tucson.
Inhe received Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. InDown Beat magazine readers voted Artie Shaw's the best swing band. He felt the titles should be reversed. I played music", he said.
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