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A major nuclear power accident in the Soviet Union yesterday sent a cloud of radioactivity drifting across much of Scandinavia. The alarm was first raised at a Swedish nuclear plant at Forsmark, on the Baltic coast, where staff at first thought their own reactor was leaking.
But as further reports of unusually high radioactivity began to come in from Stockholm, Helsinki and elsewhere the Soviet Album) admitted than an accident had occurred at one of their plants in the Ukraine.
A nuclear power reactor had been damaged and there were casualties. Although the Tass news agency report was slightly ambiguous, the Chernobyl plant which has suffered the accident is believed to be one of a complex of four light water reactors built by a lake just north of Kiev - about miles from the Scandinavian coastlines where the radioactive plume was being monitored. Helsinki reported six times the normal background level, Stockholm twice the usual level and Oslo 50 per cent higher than normal.
Swedish scientists compared the abnormal readings with those recorded during the s, when China was testing nuclear bombs in the atmosphere. But analysis of the isotopic content Tostiadoes - Bobby Sherwood And His Orchestra - Sherwood Swing the Scandinavian dust samples confirmed the Tass statement that a nuclear power reactor was the source, probably as a result of cooling failure and severe overheating.
For the Russians to admit to an accident of any kind sets a precedent, which may be a reflection of Mr Gorbachev's policy of greater openness. But Tass sought immediately to put the incident in perspective by listing several foreign nuclear disasters, including the near meltdown of the American Three Mile Island reactor in The Chernobyl accident, the Soviet news agency said, was the first to have occurred in the Soviet Union, ignoring reports reaching the West of a serious accident in the Urals in which is believed to have killed many people and contaminated a vast area when a nuclear waste dump exploded.
Yesterday's announcement said simply: 'An accident has occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant as one of the reactors was damaged. Measures are being taken to eliminate the consequences of the accident. Aid is being given to those affected. A government commission has been set up.
In Sweden, workers at Sunshine Of Your Love - Eric Clapton - 1989 RAH Complete Pt. 3 Forsmark plant north of Stockholm were evacuated and radio warnings were broadcast for other people to stay away, before it became clear that the radioactive plume was drifting in across the Baltic with the south-easterly winds. At first, suspicion was directed towards the Soviet Baltic republic of Lithuania, where the Ignalina power station is reckoned to be the Album) largest nuclear plant.
Finally, the Soviet announcement put the source in the Ukraine, whose distance from the Baltic suggests that the Russians have a major disaster on their hands. Three Mile Island was a disaster as far as the American nuclear industry was concerned, but it Füchse - Absolute Beginner - Bambule not release large amounts of radioactivity as this accident has evidently done.
Accidents like this are extremely difficult to disguise or hide because even the smallest sample of wind-blown dust, when put through a gamma ray spectrometer, will indicate that the level of radioactivity is unusually high, and that the source is either a nuclear explosion, a leaking reactor, or an accident involving a reprocessing plant for spent power station fuel. The Chinese nuclear tests conducted in the atmosphere during the s, for example, were readily identified within a couple of weeks by laboratories attached to British nuclear power stations as well Le Dernier Des Bandits - 100 Tubes Corses - 100 Tubes Corses Swedish ones.
All that was needed was a scrap of sticky muslin stretched on the roof and a spectrometer - admittedly a highly Album) piece of Album) equipment - to analyse the gamma rays given off by the minute particles of dust it collected.
If the Soviet plume begins to drift towards Britain - and there have been easterly winds - the National Radiological Protection Board will quickly pick up the signs from its fallout monitoring stations in Glasgow, London, Belfast, Bridgend, Shrivenham, Glos, and Chilton in Oxfordshire.
Sweden's Environment Minister, Birgitta Dahl, said yesterday that while the contamination reaching her country was not considered harmful to health, her government was concerned that it had not been given any warning by the Soviet authorities, and had still not been given any real information about the source, or whether the leakage must be expected to continue. Despite her reassurance, however, it was clear last night that many Scandinavians intend to Lobster - Субатомный Бисквит - COVERED WITH A LAYER OF RADIOACTIVE DUST (File indoors until they are certain it is safe to go outside.
Britain has no need to fear the radiation, the Protection Board said. The fall-out reaching Scandinavia was only twice the natural background level of radiation. This was so low that it should not cause any harm if it was ever carried to Britain.
There was no need for any special precautions to be taken in this country. The two nuclear reactors at Chernobylnear Kiev, are each of 1, megawatts electrical - comparable with the largest stations in Britain - but are of a water-cooled and graphite moderated design that is used only in Russia.
The graphite cores have no secondary containment. Both reactors have been in use for several years and each would contain about 10, million curies of radioactivity in fission products and about 3, million curies of what are called heavy actinides - which is the uranium fuel and its derivitives such as plutonium. Accident planning always assumes that, at worst, about 10 per cent of any radioactive core will be vaporised and that the volatile elements - such as iodine and the rare gasses - will dominate releases of radioactivity when accidents are small.
But reports already suggest that caesium is a measurable component of the radioactive cloud coming from Russia. This suggests that a substantial proportion of a reactor core may have vaporised with massive releases of radioactivity.
Close to the plant the radiation dose levels may be lethally high, but the amount of radioactivity so far detected in the west presents no immediate hazard especially as the isotopes are apparently of a kind which do not accumulate in bone or other tissues.
However, when they fall out on land they may remain for years raising the local background radiation levels. If fallout is heavy as it will be in Russia, areas may remain too hazardous to enter for many years. Topics Nuclear power. Energy Russia Ukraine Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Reuse this content. Lobster - Субатомный Бисквит - COVERED WITH A LAYER OF RADIOACTIVE DUST (File popular.
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