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Particular churches. Philosophy, theology, and fundamental theory of canon law. Juridic and physical persons. Associations of the faithful. Institute of consecrated life. Society of apostolic life. In the Catholic Churchholy days of obligation also called holydaysholidaysor days of obligation are days on which the faithful are expected to attend Massand engage in rest from work and recreation, according to the Third Commandment.
The expectation is attached to the holy day, even if transferred, as sometimes happens in the Roman Riteto another date because of coinciding with a higher-ranking celebration. However, in some countries a dispensation is granted in such circumstances. The holy days of obligation for Latin Catholics are indicated in canon of the Code of Canon Law :.
Sunday, on which by apostolic tradition the paschal mystery is celebrated, must be observed in the universal Church as the primordial holy day of obligation. With the prior approval of the Apostolic Seehowever, the conference of bishops can suppress some of the holy days of obligation or transfer them to a Sunday.
Placed in the order of the liturgical calendar, the ten days apart from Sundays that this canon mentions are:. The number of holy days of obligation was once much greater. With the motu proprio Supremi disciplinae of 2 JulyPope Pius I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation reduced the number of such non-Sunday holy days from 36 to 8: the above 10 dates 1 January was then the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ minus the feasts the Body and Blood of Christ, and Saint Joseph.
In many countries the bishops had obtained, even before the time of Pius X, the Holy See's approval to diminish the number of non-Sunday holy days of obligation, making it LOrgue De Barbarie - Les Frères Jacques - Les Frères Jacques Chantent Prévert less than Einklang - Willy Astor - The Sounds Of Islands Vol.
1 too, Episcopal Conferences have availed themselves of the authority granted them in law to reduce the number below the ten mentioned above.
Non-Sunday holy days of obligation all have the rank of solemnity. Accordingly, if in Ordinary Time one of them falls on I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation Sunday, the Sunday celebration gives I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation to it; but the Sundays of AdventLent and Eastertide take precedence over all solemnities, which are then transferred to another day  but the precept is not.
Very occasionally, the Feast of the Sacred Heart may fall on Ss. Peter and Paul's feast day, in which case it takes I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation over the Solemnity of Ss. Peter and Paul; the precept then applies to the feast of the Sacred Heart. While episcopal conferences may suppress holy days of obligation or transfer them to Sunday, some of them have maintained as holy days of obligation some days that are not public holidays.
For most people, such I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation are normal working days, and they therefore cannot observe the obligation "to abstain from those works and affairs which hinder the worship to be rendered to God, the Jungle Boogie (Scratch Version) - Tumi & Chinese Man - The Journey proper to the Lord's day, or the suitable relaxation of mind and body".
However, they remain bound by the obligation to participate in Mass. I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation these days, referred to as "working holy days", churches may have a special timetable, with Mass available outside the normal working hours and on the previous evening. In Ireland the only holy days of obligation that are also public holidays are Christmas and Saint Patrick's Day, so that it has five working holy days.
Similarly, Slovakia has only four holy days of obligation that are also public holidays: Christmas, Solemnity of Mary Mother of God, Epiphany and All Saints', leaving it with five working holy days. In the Netherlands, the bishops conference decreed that, with effect from 1 Januarythe feasts Whirlwind Struggle - Terrorizer - World Downfall the Assumption and All Saints, each of which it had previously decided to celebrate on the following Sunday, were to be of obligation as regards Mass, but not for abstaining from work.
In Vatican City, but not in the rest of the Diocese of Rome, Sundays and all 10 days listed in canon are observed as holy days of obligation. This is also the case in the Diocese of Lugano covering the Swiss canton of Ticinobut perhaps nowhere else. Some countries have as holy days of obligation feasts that are not among those listed in canon Ireland has Saint Patrick's Day. In countries where they are not holy days of obligation, three of the ten feast days listed above are assigned to a Sunday as their proper day: .
If they are thus assigned to a Sunday, they are not included in the following national lists of holy days of obligation, since in every country all Sundays are holy days of obligation. No formal legislative norm of the Episcopal Conference of Belgium exists in which the holy days of obligation are listed. However, the four days mentioned above have been Belgium's holy days of obligation since the concordat of which itself is not recognized as legally binding in Belgium since independence.
Therefore, the current system is in force because of canon 5 of the Code of Canon Law. If not, it is likely that the 10 holy days of obligation would apply in Mainland China. However, this situation only exists in Mainland China. In the Diocese of Hong KongChristmas is the only holy day of obligation.
In Czech Republic, holy days of obligation are, by Czech Bishops' Conferencereduced to only two days, which are also public holidays in the Czech Republic : . Since the other holy days of obligation mentioned in the Code of Canon Law are not public holidays, the Czech Bishops' Conference does not make attendance at Mass obligatory for Catholics, but only recommends it, as it does also on the feast days of Saints Cyril and Methodius 5 July and Saint Wenceslas 28 September.
Attendance at Mass is of course obligatory on all Sundays. See Liturgy Office. According to a decision of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and WalesHolydays which fall on a Saturday or a Monday with the exception of Christmas are transferred to the adjacent Sunday. On 17 November meeting in Leeds, the Bishops' Conference determined that the Epiphany and the Ascension should be celebrated on their official days, or on the adjacent Sunday when 6 January is a Saturday or a Monday.
This decision was approved by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments and became effective from 3 December The solemnities of Saint Joseph, Saints Peter and Paul and the Immaculate Conception of Mary are observed nowhere in Germany as holy days of obligation — these days are also not usually transferred to a Sunday though for Sts.
Peter and Paul, this is theoretically possible. Attendance at the liturgical service which is not Mass on Good Fridaya public holiday, is also generally observed, although it is not a holy day of obligation. See Feiertagsregelung. Instead of being transferred to the following Sunday, the Feast of the Ascension of Our Lord, though not a holy day of obligation in Greece, is kept on the Thursday of the sixth week of Easter, in order to celebrate it on the same day as the Orthodox Church of Greece.
Bishops' Conference of Indonesia has not issued regulation about holy day of obligation, so ten holy days on Can. See Serbian Orthodox Church. According to a Bishops' Conference of Scotland, Holydays which fall on Saturday or Monday with the exception of Christmas are transferred to the adjacent Sunday. There are different regulations for Ireland and for England and Wales. See "Working holy days", above. Additionally, the Slovak Bishops' Conference recommends Mass attendance on the following solemnities, because of their nationwide importance:.
In the Diocese of Lugano covering the canton of Ticinothe following three days are also holy days of obligation:. This probably makes the diocese of Lugano the only diocese in the world except for the Vatican City part of the Diocese of Rome where all ten holy days of obligation are observed.
These regulations also apply on the Crimean peninsulaincluding Sevastopol. In most of the United States, the Ascension is transferred to the following Sunday which would otherwise be the Seventh Sunday of Easter. It is only celebrated as a holy day of obligation on Thursday in the ecclesiastical provinces of BostonHartfordNew YorkNewarkBuzzard Song - Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong - Porgy & Bessand Philadelphiaas well as by members of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter.
In I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation when December 8 falls on Sunday, the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception is normally transferred to December 9, as it is outranked by the Second Sunday of Advent. In Hawaiithe Feast of the Immaculate Conception and Christmas are the only Holy Days of Obligation, as decreed by the Bishop of Honolulu inpursuant to an indult from the Holy See and as approved by the national episcopal conference.
Individual dioceses may observe additional holy days of obligation on an ad-hoc basis. There are five holy days of obligation, beyond Sundays, specified as common to all of the Eastern Churches: . The CCEO provides that only the " supreme authority " of the Church can "establish, transfer or suppress feast days and days of penance I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation are common to all of the Eastern Churches," although the particular law of a sui juris Church can suppress one of these days or transfer it to Sunday, provided that said particular law has been approved by the Apostolic See.
The faithful of the Eastern Catholic Churches "are bound by the obligation to participate on Sundays and feast days in I-deo-logy - The Sect * - National Holy Obligation Divine Liturgy or, according to the prescriptions or legitimate customs of their own Church sui iuris, in the celebration of the divine praises. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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