It encompasses two theme parks, many resort hotels, Disney Nature Resorts, a shopping, dining, and entertainment complex, and a golf course, in addition to several additional recreational and entertainment venues.
Disneyland Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet is the original theme park of the complex, opening with the resort on 12 April A second theme park, Walt Disney Studios Parkopened in10 years after the original park.
Disneyland Paris celebrated Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet 25th anniversary in Within 25 years of opening, million people visited Disneyland Paris making it the most visited theme park in Europe. Until JuneDisney only held a minority stake in the resort, when they bought the remaining shares. This brought The Walt Disney Company's total ownership to The Walt Disney company will also invest an additional 1. Under the leadership of E.
Cardon WalkerTokyo Disneyland opened in in Japan with instant success, forming a catalyst for international expansion. In late the heads of Disney's theme park division, Dick Nunis and Jim Cora, presented a list of approximately 1, possible European locations for the park.
Britain, France, Italy and Spain were all considered. However, Britain and Italy were dropped from the list due to both lacking a suitable expanse of flat land.
By Marchthe number of possible locations for the park had been reduced to four; two in France and two in Spain. Both nations saw the potential economic advantages of a Disney theme park and offered competing financing deals to Disney. Both Spanish sites were located near the Mediterranean and offered a subtropical climate similar to Disney's parks in California and Florida. Disney had asked each site to provide average temperatures for every month for the previous 40 years, which proved a complicated endeavour as none of the records were computerised and were registered on paper.
The pleasing landscape of that region, as well as its climate, made the location a top competitor for what would be called Euro Disneyland. However, shallow bedrock was encountered beneath the site, which would have rendered construction too difficult. Michael EisnerDisney's CEO at the time, signed the first letter of agreement with the French government for the square-kilometre 4,acre site on 18 Decemberand the first financial contracts were Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet up during the following spring.
The Allegretto Grazioso - Gerald Finzi - Orchestral Works contract was signed by the leaders of the Walt Disney Company and the French government and territorial collectivities on 24 March In order to provide lodging to patrons, it was decided that 5, Disney-owned hotel rooms would be built within the complex. SternStanley Tigermanand Robert Venturi decided on an exclusively American theme in which each hotel would depict a region of the United States.
At the time of the opening in Aprilseven hotels collectively housing 5,  rooms had been built. With its towers of oxidised silver and bronze-coloured stainless steel under a canopy of lights, it opened as Festival Disney.
In order to accomplish this, 29 restaurants were built inside the park with a further 11 restaurants built at the Euro Disney resort hotels and five at Festival Disney. Menus and prices were varied with an American flavour predominant and Disney's precedent of serving alcoholic beverages was continued in the park. In test kitchens at Walt Disney World, recipes were adapted for European tastes. Walter Meyer, executive chef for menu development at Euro Disney and executive chef of food projects development at Walt Disney World noted, "A few things we did need to change, but most of the time people kept telling us, 'Do your own thing.
Do what's American'. Unlike Disney's American theme parksEuro Disney aimed for permanent employees an estimated requirement of 12, for the theme park itselfas opposed to seasonal and temporary part-time employees. Casting centres were set up in ParisLondonand Amsterdam. However, it was understood by the French government and Disney that "a concentrated effort would be made to tap into the local French labour market".
Following precedent, Euro Disney set up its own Disney University to train workers. The prospect of a Disney park in France was a subject of debate and controversy. Critics, who included prominent French intellectuals, denounced what they considered to be the cultural imperialism of Euro Disney and felt it would encourage an unhealthy American type of consumerism in France.
A journalist at the centre-right French newspaper Le Figaro wrote, "I wish with all my heart that the rebels would set fire to [Euro] Disneyland. It is we who adore it, who adopt its fashions and above all, its words. We are who we are. Topics of controversy also included Disney's American managers requiring English to be spoken at all meetings and Disney's appearance code for members of staff, which listed regulations and limitations for the use of makeup, facial hair, tattoos, jewellery, and more.
French labour unions mounted protests against the appearance code, which they saw as "an attack on individual liberty". Others criticised Disney as being insensitive to French culture, individualism, and privacy, because restrictions on individual or collective liberties were illegal under French lawunless it could be demonstrated that the restrictions are requisite to the job and do not exceed what is necessary. Disney countered by saying that a ruling that barred them from imposing such an employment standard could threaten the image and long-term success of the park.
Euro Disney opened for employee preview and testing in March During this time visitors were mostly park employees and their family members, who tested facilities and operations. The press were able to visit the day before the Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet opening day on 12 Together (Whatever) - Wah Wah Watson* - Elementary. A government survey indicated that half a million people carried by 90, cars might attempt to enter the complex.
French radio warned traffic to avoid the area. By midday, the car park was approximately half full, suggesting an attendance level below 25, Explanations of the lower-than-expected turnout included speculation that people heeded the advice to stay away and that the one-day strike that cut the direct RER railway connection to Euro Disney from the centre of Paris made the park inaccessible.
A new Indiana Jones roller-coaster ride was opened at Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet Disney in A few weeks after the ride opened there were problems Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet the emergency brakes which resulted in guest injuries. Inthe company was still having financial difficulties. There were rumours that Euro Disney was getting close to having to file for bankruptcy. The banks and the backers had meetings to work out some of the financial problems facing Euro Disney.
In March Leroy Mafia* - Babylon Disney went into negotiations with the banks so that they could get some help for their debt.
As a last resort, the Walt Disney Company threatened to close the Disneyland Paris park, leaving the banks with the land. It also reported that the park's attendance was far behind expectations. The disappointing attendance can be at least partly explained by the recession and increased unemployment, which was affecting France and most of the rest of the developed world at this time; when construction of the resort began, the economy was still on an upswing.
Euro Disney S. In response to the financial situation, Fitzpatrick ordered that the Disney-MGM Studios Europe project would be put on hiatus until a further decision could be made. Prices at the hotels were reduced. Despite these efforts in Maypark attendance was around 25, some reports give a figure of 30, instead of the predicted 60, The Euro Disney Company stock price spiralled downwards and on 23 JulyEuro Disney announced an expected net loss in its first year of operation of approximately million French francs.
During Euro Disney's first winter, hotel occupancy was so low that it was decided to close the Newport Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet Club hotel during the season. On 31 Maya new attraction opened at the theme park. On 25 JulyEuro Disney S. Hotel occupancy had also climbed from 60 to InEuro Disney S. However, it then incurred a net loss in the three years following.
A launched the 'Need Magic' campaign, which lasted until March to bring new, first-time European visitors to the resort. And Once Upon A Dream - Various - Pop Parade Bouquet having been open fewer than fifteen years, Disneyland Paris had become the number one tourist destination for Europe, outselling the Louvre and the Eiffel Tower.
Inthe resort demonstrated dedication to the recruitment of new employment positions, especially for the Christmas and summer seasons,  which continued in and when 2, and 3, employment contracts being offered, respectively.
A study done by the Inter-ministerial Delegation reviewing Disneyland Paris' contribution to the French economy was released in time for the Resort's 20th anniversary in March For the first time in the resort's history, both the Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park closed from 14 to 17 NovemberCaught Between Goodbye And I Love You - Carpenters - Quiereme Siempre part of France's national days of mourning Tosset (Crazy) - Hjerter 2 - Dengang - Som Nu the November Paris attacks.
On 19 Junethe resort's operating company, Euro Disney S. Awas acquired by The Walt Disney Companyin the process, giving them full control of the resort. In addition to the three new areas, the expansion includes a new lake, which will be the focal point for entertainment experiences and will also connect each of the new park areas.
The first phase of the expansion will be completed in Disneyland Paris and its properties have been subject to a number of name changes, initially an effort to overcome the negative publicity that followed the inception of Euro Disney. The park receives around twelve million visitors a year which makes it the most visited place in Europe. InThe Walt Disney Company announced a multi-year expansion project. The complex features seven Disneyland Paris hotels. The Disneyland Hotel is located over the entrance of the Disneyland Park and is marketed as the most prestigious hotel on property.
It opened on 1 April and is notably served by regional express line RER A which provides a direct connection with the centre of Paris and for further connections, direct to Paris - Gare de Lyon. The railway station is also served by long-distance high-speed TGV and Ouigo trains offering direct services to many cities across France. There are also Thalys services to both Brussels and Amsterdam. Disneyland Paris has strict rules designed to prevent guests from seeing backstage areas of the park.
Photography and filming are strictly forbidden in all backstage areas. The edges of the parks are lined with ride buildings and foliage to hide areas that are not for the public to see.
Numerous area gates allow entrance into the park for cast members, parade floats, etc. When area gates around the park are open, anything that can be seen through them is considered to be on-stage and part of the Disney Magic.
Therefore, from the moment the gates are open, all of the cast must be in character and in place to 'perform'. As the complex is so big, shuttle buses take cast members to different parts of the parks via service roads located Phantasize (Synergy Mix Part 2) - Love Boots - Phantasize the perimeter of the parks.
Many attractions are housed in large, soundstage-like buildings called "show buildings", some of which are partially or completely disguised by external theming.
Most show buildings have off-white flat roofs that support HVAC units and footpaths for maintenance cast members. Housed inside show buildings are the actual attractions, which include hidden walkways, service areas, control rooms, and other backstage operations. The third edition was held over a span of 3 days from 5 July through to 7 July in The theme of the third edition was based upon Disney's movie The Lion King.
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